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Base your answers to questions 1 on the information below and on your knowledge of biology.
Since 1980, the vulture population in India has declined from 40 million to 60 thousand due to poisoning by a pain reliever used in cattle. If only 1% of the cattle carcasses fed on by vultures are animals that have been treated with the drug, it can lead to a drastic decline in the vulture population. The grim picture is that over 10% of the carcasses have been found to contain this drug.
Vultures feed exclusively on the carcasses of dead animals. This helps to prevent the spread of diseases such as rabies and anthrax among wildlife, livestock, and humans. Without as many vultures present, other scavengers such as dogs have moved in and taken advantage of the newly available food. The abundance of these other scavengers has led to an increase in the number of cases of human rabies and an outbreak of tuberculosis, anthrax, and foot-and-mouth disease. These diseases are not spread to humans by vultures.
The best explanation for the increase in rabies, anthrax, and other diseases in humans is that the*
Which statement best describes bat populations in a stable ecosystem?*
Which statement is an example of the inter- dependence of organisms?*
Which statement best describes what is most likely to occur if an animal population grows larger than the carrying capacity of its environment?*
The graph below represents some changes in the number of individuals in a particular population in a stable ecosystem over a period of time.
Which statement best describes the trend shown in this graph?*
Rabbits produce large numbers of offspring during each reproductive season, yet the number of rabbits within a given population changes very little from year to year. The stability of the population size is most likely the result of*
Each female housefly can lay approximately 500 eggs in a lifetime. She does this in several batches of about 75 to 150 eggs. Within a day, larvae (maggots) hatch from the eggs. They live and feed on organic material, such as garbage and feces. Scientists have calculated that a pair of flies beginning reproduction in April could be the ancestors of 191,010,000,000,000,000,000 fl ies by August.
Which statement best explains why this does not happen?*
Which statement best describes an ecosystem maintaining a state of approximate equilibrium?*
The chart below represents some of the events
that occur during the cycling of nutrients in an ecosystem.
Which organisms would most appropriately complete the chart when written in the circle at X?*
Which group of organisms in an ecosystem fills the niche of recycling organic matter back to the environment?*
Base your answers to questions 11 on the diagram below and on your knowledge of biology. The diagram represents interactions between organisms in an ecosystem.
Which statement correctly describes an interaction that contributes to the stability of this ecosystem?*
Base your answer to question 12-15 on the diagram below and on your knowledge of biology. The diagram represents three groups of organisms that are part of an ecosystem.
Explain the role of these groups of organisms in the cycling of materials and the transfer of energy in an ecosystem. In your answer, be sure to:
• explain why an ecosystem requires a constant input of energy 
• explain how organisms in group B obtain energy 
• explain the role of organisms in group C in the ecosystem 
• identify the process used by all three groups of organisms to make energy available to their cells to carry out life functions *
Base your answers to questions 16 on the diagrams below and on your knowledge of biology. The diagrams represent how various populations interact in a forest environment.
State what would most likely happen to one other population in this food web if all the squirrels and rabbits were suddenly killed by a viral disease. Support your answer. *
If a large quantity of herbicide, a chemical that is designed to kill weeds, were accidentally spilled into a large lake, it could endanger all the organisms living in the lake. State one way the effects of killing the weeds in the lake could be destructive to populations of fish and other animals. *
Part of a food web is represented below. It includes organisms located in a stream near farm fields.
Select one type of organism, other than the crustaceans, from the food web. State how the population of organisms you selected might be affected if the population of crustaceans in this food web were reduced due to the use of chemicals harmful to crustaceans in the fields near the stream. Support your answer.