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Base your answers to questions 1 on the information and diagram below and on your knowledge of biology.
Finches on the Galapagos Islands are thought to have originated from South America and to have evolved into new species over the last 10,000 years. Some of this evolution is represented in the diagram below.
The success of the finches on the Galapagos was most likely due to the*
Base your answers to questions 2 on the information and chart below and on your knowledge of biology.
The Galapagos Islands are home to many different species of finches. Three finch species, their relative beak sizes, and their food preferences are represented below. All three species live on the same island.
Which statement is correct concerning the nutritional preferences of these finches?*
Base your answers to questions 3 on the diagrams below and on your knowledge of biology. The diagrams represent the variations in the beaks of finches in the Galapagos Islands and the relative abundance of food sources on a certain island.
The diagram of the island suggests that in region B finches can feed on*
Base your answers to questions 4 on the information in the diagram below and on your knowledge of biology.
Based on the information in the chart, which statement is correct?*
The diagram below represents the relationship between beak structure and food in several species of finches found on the Galapagos Islands.
The different beak structures observed in the diagram are evidence of*
Certain chemicals, such as cytochrome C, are found within cells of all living organisms. The biochemical structure of cytochrome C in ground finches and in tree finches is very similar. This suggests that tree finches and ground finches have*
Base your answers to questions 7 on the diagram below and on your knowledge of biology.
Which species of finch has an edge-crushing bill that can also probe into plants for food?*
Base your answers to questions 8 on the diagram below and on your knowledge of biology.
On an island populated by both warbler finches and small tree finches, there is a significant decrease in the amount of animal food. Which finch population would decrease more? Support your answer. 
Finch population: ________________________________________*
Base your answers to questions 9 on the information below and on your knowledge of biology.
The chart describes the beaks of various types of birds that live in a small island ecosystem containing flowering land plants, aquatic plants, many small mammals, amphibians, and several species of trees.
Identify the beak type that would be characteristic of predators of small mammals. 
Base your answer to question 10 on the diagram below and on your knowledge of biology.
There are a number of islands in the Galapagos that these finches could possibly inhabit. Explain why each island would not be expected to have all of the species shown. *
Identify one trait, other than a beak characteristic, that could affect the survival of a finch. Support your answer. *
Base your answers to questions 12 on the diagram below, which shows the evolution of Hawaiian Honey Creepers from a common ancestor. As their ancestors spread to new islands, they found a variety of dif- ferent food sources. Gradually, behaviors and beak structures evolved that took advantage of these different food sources, resulting in the formation of several new species.
Describe how the beaks of the bird species D, E, F, and J that eat fruits and seeds differ from the beaks of the bird species that eat only nectar. *
Identify one adaptation, other than beak size and shape, a finch species might possess and state how that would aid in its survival. *
A certain small population of finches already has an “ideal” beak type for its present environment. Describe two specific adaptations, other than beak type, that would contribute to the ability of these finches to survive. *
Base your answers to questions 15 on the information and graph below and on your knowledge of biology.
A species of bird lives on an island. Beak thickness varies within the population. The birds feed mainly on seeds. Birds with smaller beaks can eat only small seeds. Only birds with larger beaks are able to crush and eat large seeds.
During years with more rain, small seeds are abundant. During dry years, there are very few small seeds, but there are many large seeds.
Predict how the average beak thickness would be expected to change after 1985 if there were eight very dry years in a row. Support your answer. *